Thailand is not a signatory to the 1951 Convention and there is no domestic legal protection afforded to asylum-seekers and recognized refugees undergoing the UNHCR refugee status determination process. The practical reality for asylum-seekers and recognized refugees in Thailand is that, in the absence of valid visas (the vast majority do not have this), they are formally considered illegal aliens; they have no authorization to work; their children do not go to school. And they are subject to deportation and detention. The African asylum seekers/refugees especially stand out in Bangkok and are more prone to extortion by local police.
It makes for a not so good environment, veritable limbo for years. Families literally go underground.
Some of the Hmong asylum seekers are raising money with a craft sale. I love Hmong embroidery, and I could not resist buying a few tree ornaments and cards for the holiday presents.